Show MoreLifespan development can be defined as the length of time an individual has from birth to death. Life span development explores all the biological, cognitive, psychosocial changes that occur during different times of a person s life (ukask.com 2013).one of these theories. This assignment will be discussing and evaluating two theories and 4 theorists that have studied and written about lifespan development.
One of these is Cognitive development which the building blocks of thought processes together with remembering, problem solving along with decision making from childhood through adolescence to adulthood. Two theorists who wrote about cognitive development are Piaget and vgyotsky.Piaget separated development in four stages: sensor…show more content…
Erikson called his hypothesis criteria crisis stages, Freud called his psychosexual stages.
Freud`s first stage is oral and covered from birth to 1 year. It is based on feeding, crying, and weaning. The mouth and breast are at the centre of all experience, together with attachment throughout this stage. In any problems with this stage could lead to problem with oral fixation in later life such as thumb sucking and smoking. (Simplypsychology.com 2013). Erikson’s first stage is named trust vs. Mistrust and starts from birth to the age of one, during this stage we start to develop trust and continue doing so throughout life. The care an infant receives determines how the child will view its mother and other individuals. However if care is inconsistent it could instigate a sense of mistrust, fear and suspicion which can lead to a child becoming withdrawn. A sense of trust allows the baby to accept new experiences; the fear of the unknown is recognised as being a part of life (gross 1993). The second stage of is the anal stage; this runs from between the age of 1-2 years. Freud believed during this time the primary focus of the libido was on controlling the bladder, bowel movement. The conflict during this stage is toilet training, because an infant has to learn to control their own bodily needs. In developing this helps lead to a sense of independence and accomplishment. Freud stated this stage of development is very
Essay about Lifespan Development and Erikson's Stages of Development
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Lifespan development is essential, as it is the changes that happen to us throughout a person’s lifespan. Our development occurs at ages stages where we develop from infancy till death. This essay will contain my life story to display the domains in 5 age stages in my lifespan development. The domains I will be exploring is in this essay is physical, emotional, cognitive, social, cultural and moral domain. The influence of biological and environmental play a significant role in my development. Development is influenced by nature or nurture and its affect will occur throughout lifespan. The changes that occur during development have stage. Each theorists has stages of development where they display the changes. This essay will explore my…show more content…
The exercise kept her physical domain fit and she wasn’t in the risk of becoming overweight. Her physical development was determined through rise in the muscles from walking and doing house work as well as raised bone. Extending of the bone game her a leaner body frame, this occurred because when she left work she became active doing physical activity such as jogging, talking the dog out and yoga. According to Watson & McDonald (Watson & McDonald, 2007) women that are pregnant with lower income would spend a lot of time in physical actives will have healthier outcomes than those woman that are pregnant with higher income. The continuing level of stress during maternal will release big amounts of chemical level that can harm the baby. It will give the baby respiratory illness, low birth weight and could also cause miscarriage (Berk, 2008). Hohmann Marriott’s study revealed Emotional support is crucial at the time of pregnancy for both maternal and infant wellbeing. Emotional support derive from family, friends and most importantly from the father of the baby. If the emotional support during pregnancy is not given than it could cause harm to the mother and her baby. (Hohmann-Marriott, 2009). During my mother pregnancy she had a lot of support from family members and my dad. They took care of her and gave her a lot of emotional support which protected her from having high stress level which would harm me. When I was born,