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Eve Teasing In Bangladesh Essay Writer

Eve teasing is a euphemism used throughout South Asia, which includes (but is not limited to) Pakistan,[1]Bangladesh[2] and Nepal[3] for public sexual harassment or molestation of women by men, the name "Eve" alluding to the very first woman, according to the Biblical creation story.[4] Considered a problem related to delinquency in youth,[5] it is a form of sexual aggression that ranges in severity from sexually suggestive remarks, brushing in public places and catcalls, to groping.[6][7][8] Some non-governmental organizations have suggested that the expression be replaced by a more appropriate term.[9] According to them, considering the semantic roots of the term in Indian English, Eve teasing refers to the temptress nature of Eve, placing responsibility on the woman as a tease.[10]

Sexual harassment by strangers, as with any type of harassment, has been a notoriously difficult crime to prove, as perpetrators often devise discreet ways to harass women, although Eve teasing usually occurs in public spaces and streets and on public transport.[11] The feminist publication Rethinking Violence Against Women referred to this behavior as a kind of "little rape".[12] Some guidebooks to the region warn female tourists to avoid attracting the attention of these kinds of men by wearing conservative clothing.[13][14] However, this harassment is reported both by Indian women and by conservatively dressed foreign women.[15]

History[edit]

The problem first received public and media attention in the 1970's.[16][17] In the following decades, more and more women started attending college and working independently, meaning that they were often no longer accompanied by a male escort as had been the norm in traditional society. In response, the problem grew to alarming proportions, despite this not being the case in other cultures where women go and come as they please.[18] Soon the Indian government had to take remedial measures, both judicial and law enforcement, to curb the practice. Efforts were made to sensitize the police about the issue, and police started to round up Eve teasers. The deployment of plain-clothed female police officers for the purpose has been particularly effective.[19] Other measures taken in various states by the police were setting up of dedicated women's helplines in various cities, police-stations staffed by women, and special police cells.[20]

Also seen during this period was a marked rise in the number of women coming forward to report cases of sexual harassment, due to changing public opinion against this practice. In addition, the severity of these incidents grew as well, in some cases leading to acid throwing, which in turn led to states like Tamil Nadu making it a non-bailable offense. The number of women's organizations and those working for women's rights also increased, and during this period reports of bride burning increased.[21] The increase in the number of violent incidents involving women meant previously lackadaisical attitudes towards women's rights had to be revised and supported by law. In the coming years, certain organizations played a key role in lobbying for the passing of legislation designed to protect women from aggressive behaviour from strangers, including 'The Delhi Prohibition of Eve-teasing Bill 1984'.[18]

The death of a female student, Sarika Shah, in Chennai in 1998,[22] resulted in some tough laws to counter the problem in South India.[23] After murder charges were brought, about a half-dozen reports of suicide have been attributed to pressures caused by this behaviour.[18] In February 2009, female students from Maharaja Sayajirao University (MSU) in Vadodara assaulted four young men near the family and community sciences faculty, after the men made lewd comments about a girl student staying in SD Hall hostel.[24]

Many other cases go unreported for fear of reprisals and exposure to public shame. In some cases police let the offenders go, after public humiliation through the murga punishment.[25] In 2008, a Delhi court ordered a 19-year-old youth caught making lewd remarks to passing females to distribute 500 handbills to youngsters outside schools and colleges detailing the consequences of indecent conduct .[26]

Depiction in popular culture[edit]

Some depictions in Indian cinema shows mild teasing as a part of flirtatious beginnings of a courtship, along with the usual accompaniment of song and dance routines, which invariably results in the heroine submitting to the hero's advances towards the end of the song. Young men tend to emulate the example depicted so flawlessly on screen; the term roadside Romeos,[11] even made it into a film version in Roadside Romeo (2007).

It also has been popularly depicted that when a girl is teased in this way, the hero will come and beat the guy up, such as in the Telugu films Madhumasam , Magadheeraand Eega. and also the Hindi film Wanted. Nowadays, this issue is also featured in Indian television soaps like Savdhaan India @ 11 and Crime Patrol.

Legal redress[edit]

Although Indian law doesn't use the term Eve teasing, victims earlier usually seek recourse through Section 294 of the Indian Penal Code, which sentences a man found guilty of making a girl or woman the target of obscene gestures, remarks, songs or recitation to a maximum jail sentence of three months. Section 292 of the IPC clearly spells out that showing pornographic or obscene pictures, books or papers to a woman or girl results in a fine of ₹2,000 (US$31) with two years imprisonment for first offenders. In the case of a repeated offense, the offender may have a fine of ₹5,000 (US$77) with five years imprisonment imposed. Under Section 509 of the IPC, obscene gestures, indecent body language and negative comments directed at any woman or girl or exhibiting any object which intrudes upon the privacy of a woman, carries a penalty of imprisonment for one year or a fine or both.[27][28] The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 introduced changes to the Indian Penal Code, making sexual harassment an expressed offence under Section 354 A, which is punishable up to three years of imprisonment and or with fine. The Amendment also introduced new sections making acts like disrobing a woman without consent, stalking and sexual acts by person in authority an offense.

The National Commission for Women (NCW) also proposed No 9. Eve Teasing (New Legislation) 1988.[9] The Indian Parliament has passed The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013, which add protections for female workers in most workplaces. The Act came into force from 9 December 2013.

Public response[edit]

Nirbhaya Karnataka ("Fearless Karnataka") is a coalition of many individuals and groups including Alternative Law Forum, Blank Noise, Maraa, Samvada, and Vimochana. After the rise of eve teasing cases in the 2000s, it organised several public awareness campaigns, including Take Back the Night, followed by another public art project titled, The Blank Noise Project, starting in Bangalore in 2003.[30] A similar program to fight eve-teasing was also hosted in Mumbai in 2008.[31]

In Delhi, one of India's most dangerous cities for women,[32] the Department of Women and Child Development established a steering committee in 2009 to prepare the city for the Commonwealth Games to be held in 2010.[33] In Mumbai, Ladies Special train compartments have been introduced to allow women to travel without the fear of being sexually harassed, for the length of the journey at least. Given that the number of women needing to travel has doubled since 1995, there is a very strong demand for these kinds of services.[34] Today "Ladies Special" compartments are present in most local trains in big cities. The Delhi Metro also has exclusive Women Only cars.[35]

Eve-teasing is highly criticized by the media and on social media websites such as Facebook.[36]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^Afridi, Tehniya S (8 July 2013). "Eve teasing: The power game". The Express Tribune. Pakistan. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  2. ^"Eve-teasers beat dead youth in Dhaka". Daily Star. 11 October 2014. 
  3. ^"27 charged for eve teasing and hooliganism in Nepal". Business Standard. 14 August 2013. 
  4. ^Barrett, Grant (2006), "Eve Teasing", The Official Dictionary of Unofficial English, McGraw-Hill Professional, p. 109, ISBN 0-07-145804-2 
  5. ^Shah, Giriraj (1993), "Eve-Teasing", Image Makers: An Attitudinal Study of Indian Police, Abhinav Publications, pp. 233–34, ISBN 81-7017-295-0 
  6. ^"Lewd nature goes unchecked". The Times of India. Kanpur: Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. 26 February 2009. 
  7. ^Venkataraman, Rajesh (13 April 2004). "Controlling eve-teasing". The Hindu. 
  8. ^Khan, Shoeb (15 February 2009). "Harassment in public places a routine for many". The Times of India. Jaipur. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  9. ^ abLaws and Legislative Measures Affecting Women, National Commission for Women (NCW).
  10. ^Gangoli, Geetanjali (2007), "Sexual Harassment", Indian Feminisms: Law, Patriarchies and Violence in India, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., pp. 63–64, ISBN 0-7546-4604-1 
  11. ^ abFaizal, Farah; Rajagopalan, Swarna (2005), "In Public Spaces: Security in the Street and in the Chowk", Women, Security, South Asia: A Clearing in the Thicket, SAGE, p. 45, ISBN 0-7619-3387-5 
  12. ^Emerson Dobash, Rebecca; Dobash, Russell (1998). Rethinking Violence Against Women. SAGE. p. 58. ISBN 0-7619-1187-1. 
  13. ^"India – Practical information – Health & Safety". Lonelyplanet.com. Lonely Planet. Archived from the original on 7 June 2012. 
  14. ^"India – Tips for Women Travelers". Frommer's. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Archived from the original on 7 June 2012. 
  15. ^Dutt, Nidhi (13 January 2012). "Eve teasing in India: Assault or harassment by another name". BBC. 
  16. ^"Eve-Teasing". Time. 12 September 1960. 
  17. ^Historical citations of the phrase at WayWordRadio.org
  18. ^ abcNatarajan, Mangai (2008), "Role of Women Police", Women Police in a Changing Society: Back Door to Equality, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., p. 54, ISBN 0-7546-4932-6 
  19. ^"Special squad to nab eve teasers formed in Kerala". OneIndia. Greynium Information Technologies Pvt. Ltd. 28 August 2006. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  20. ^"Special team to check roadside romeos in Allahabad". Indopia. 20 February 2009. Archived from the original on 13 April 2009. 
  21. ^Linda S. Stone, Bride Burning 
  22. ^"The Hindu : Hassled, but helpless". www.thehindu.com. Retrieved 2016-02-04. 
  23. ^"Murder charges in eve-teasing case". Indian Express. 27 July 1998. Archived from the original on 15 October 2012. 
  24. ^"MSU hostel girls beat up eve teasers". The Times of India. Vadodara. 23 February 2009. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  25. ^Srivastava, Arunima (29 June 2006). "Public prosecution: Crime and instant punishment!". The Times of India. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  26. ^"Youth held for eve-teasing, told to distribute handouts". ScreenIndia.com. Indian Express News Service. 10 June 2008. Archived from the original on 24 February 2009. 
  27. ^Devi, Laxmi (2004), "Eve teasing", Encyclopaedia of Social Change, Anmol Publications PVT. LTD., pp. 159–160, ISBN 81-7488-161-1 
  28. ^Gangoli, Geetanjali (2007), "The Legal Regulation of Women's Sexuality", Indian Feminisms: Law, Patriarchies and Violence in India, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., p. 63, ISBN 0-7546-4604-1 
  29. ^Van Deven, Mandy (13 June 2009). "Blank Noise Project - I Never Asked For It". Bitch. 
  30. ^"Not just eve-teasing!". Deccan Herald. 7 March 2009. Archived from the original on 9 February 2015. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  31. ^"Join the fight against eve teasing in Mumbai". Rediff.com. 4 March 2008. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  32. ^Statistics on metrosArchived 19 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine., National Crime Records Bureau, India
  33. ^Gokhale, Ketaki (14 September 2009). "Delhi Versus 'Eve Teasers': a Race Against Time". The Wall Street Journal. 
  34. ^Alexander, Helen; Blakel, Rhys (14 October 2009). "Mumbai's Ladies Special train leaves the commuter sex pests behind". Times Online. UK. 
  35. ^"Women get exclusive coach in Delhi Metro". Hindustan Times. HT Media Limited. 2 October 2010. Archived from the original on 16 December 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2015. 
  36. ^"How 2 eve teasing Hyderabadi men were taught a lesson using Facebook". Vishwas News. Vishwas News. 30 April 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Saxena, Shobha (1995). Crimes Against Women and Protective Laws. Deep & Deep Publications. 
  • Thomas, Alison M.; Kitzinger, Celia (1997). Sexual Harassment: Contemporary Feminist Perspectives. Open University Press. ISBN 0-335-19580-6. 
  • Brant, Clare; Too, Yun Lee (1994). "Sexual Harassment In India: A Case Study of Eve-Teasing in Historical Perspective". Rethinking Sexual Harassment. Pluto Press. p. 200. ISBN 0-7453-0838-4. 
  • Kiran, B. Jyoti. "Eveteasing In India And Tortious Liabilities". LegalServiceIndia.com. 
  • Vishakha v. State Of Rajasthan, Govt. of Tamil Nadu, (JT 1997 (7) SC 384) 

External links[edit]

EVE TEASING

BUSINESS LAW PROJECT

9/9/2009

Jacinta Tigga

3158

Eve teasing

Introduction

The psychology of eve teasing

Faulty training at home

Is Bollywood the culprit?

Law concerning eve teasing

Recommendations

Solutions

Facts and Figures

Experiences

Conclusion

Bibliography

EVE TEASING

It's the same story every day. You are waiting at the bus stop early in the morning, minding your business as usual, when a group of guys sitting on a wall behind the stop, as if on cue, burst out into a loud rendition of "Chholi ke peeche kya hai, chholi ke peechey!" or something like "Anney, madipa pakuraaru, anney idupu a pakkuraaru!"( ohh Brother look at the folds of the hips! Or something like that) .

You valiantly try to ignore them and jump into the next bus which comes along.

To your dismay, the bus is extremely crowded, and to top it off, an old man cannot keep his hands to himself and makes it a point to grope your breast every time the bus driver applies the brakes and to make matters worse you can feel him getting a hard on.

You have had enough and you decide to get down at the very next stop, but you have to fight through the huge group of guys hanging off the footboard of the bus and you get groped on your way out, by seven pairs of hands at least.

You are left feeling violated, but you have to go to work/college/school, so you call an auto and get into it and heave a sigh of relief. But your relief is short lived as you notice the auto driver adjusting his rearview mirror to catch glimpses at you, and you try you level best to keep a somber expression and you stubbornly look at the road instead.

At the next signal you are caught off guard by some guy who puts his hand into the auto through the window and pinches your breast (in lightning speed) as he zips by. By the time you get over the shock and the pain, he has sped off and you are left feeling dirty and filthy and all you can think of, is how you need to take a bath. Badly. You need to rub that feeling off your skin. Now" gross is it not?

Finally you reach your destination and as you walk towards it, you jump out of your skin as a car hurtles towards you, and swerves just before running you over. The driver stops, just in time to cackle loudly along with his cronies at your discomfiture and drives away or You reach office and as you're about to enter the gate, a cyclist comes out of nowhere, slaps you on your butt and cycles off.

Office is fine. You have some form of control over your surroundings and take revenge on the male sex by bossing your peon around.

Later, in the evening your free and want to go for a movie. So you book your tickets and at the 6:30 p.m. show you get 'completely unintentionally' jostled and felt up. Well, what did you expect? You should have sat at home and watched it on VCD you bad, bad girl.

As you exit the hall a ruffian whistles and another one passes a lewd remark. You reach home, dodge another speeding vehicle with its underage driver listening to ear-blasting music and hooting as he passes you. 'A***ole!' you mutter irritated, hurriedly enter the gate and bang it shut as loud as you can.

Just another day!

INTRODUCTION

We'd be wrong if we say that men and women are equal in this world. It may sound good in school essays and fetch you the requisite marks, but you have to wait to get in to the real world to see how true it is. We're either far ahead or lagging behind, but never on the same footing.

Our main objective should be to educate, empower and encourage girls and women to raise their voice against such a heinous act. We have come to terms with the fact that we cannot bring an end to eve teasing' because it is going to exist in one form or another. But instead of being passive about it, maybe we could reduce it? We're not aiming at being vindictive, but defensive. Not trying to get eve, but fighting back for getting something we don't deserve and something that we have not asked for.

Eve teasing is a euphemism used in India, Bangladesh and Pakistan for public sexual harassment, street harassment or molestation of women by men, with Eve being a reference to the biblical Eve.

Lets admit it Yes Eve Teasing is prevalent in this society and a few voices by our lousy blogs won't get the point heard. Oh common for heaven's sake the local politician in my place erected a Grand pandhal for Ganpathi. Little do people know that People play Jua under the pandal. Great way to welcome the Lord eh?

You talk of Sexually Harassed people, this is what is happening. If you want to deal with it go to the public rather than writing. Practicability applies when you can personally go and Take this Face on. The reason I am telling you this is not because I am someone who is doing this but because if we can join this movement together well then there can be A small change.. (Note I have cited small change) The reason being small change is because Eve Teasing is what people need (Boys and the politicians).. They don't care whose mother or sister is hurt. For heaven's sake with the advent of incest people don't care for even their own mothers and sisters so forget about other girls. And talking of provocative clothing. I beg the difference it doesn't deter men who look at you as if they have x-ray goggles installed on their eyes... You talk about women I have seen boys at my area touching the nipples of dogs. YES THEY DONT SPARE EVEN THE ANIMALS so forget about good will and all those nice nice things. Admit it those are assholes and the only way you can change them is going to the root level.

Anyway I would urge the MEN in this world to come together and Please look at other girls like your sister and mothers rather than looking at them as if they were your ex wife and are fit to be raped. Women and Men have equal rights and we must fight towards

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